answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-16-march-2020

  1. What is SAARC, and why its’ revival is important for south Asia?

Demand of the introduction: 

 SAARC has been in the news because PM Modi has asked for a video conference of the SAARC leaders on the Corona crisis. Discuss what SAARC is, mention the issues that prevail in it, discuss the benefits of SAARC, talk about the solutions to those issues, and conclude with a path forward for revival of SAARC. 

Keywords to be included:

SAARC, India Pakistan rivalry, regional integration, technical, economic, political, regional stability, the revival of SAARC, etc. 

Body

  • Mention what SAARC is and the challenges that plague it. 
  • Highlight the benefits of SAARC for India and other members. 
  • Present the case for the revival of SAARC. 
  • Highlight the challenges that such a revival shall face. 
  • Provide a way forward. 

Conclusion Mention a few steps that can be immediately taken to bring SAARC back into the picture, or discuss if this video conference is a mark of the revival of SAARC. 

  1. Decentralization is a must for the elimination of pollution. Comment. 

Demand of the introduction: 

The centre is planning to make a city-level policy for controlling air pollution. This has brought back to focus on the issue of decentralisation for better management and planning of cities. Examine what is the current situation of decentralisation, highlight why is it important to have decentralised planning in order to curb the pollution levels, and conclude by mentioning a way forward for pollution control. 

Keywords to be included:

Decentralisation, one size fits all approach, centralised policy, tailored solutions, empowered citizens, feeling of ownership, better implementation of policies, etc. 

Body

  • Mention the need for controlling the pollution levels in the country. 
  • Examine why a central level planning has failed. 
  • Highlight the benefits of having a decentralised system of planning for pollution control. 
  • Discuss the challenges with decentralisation based on the current model.
  • Conclude with the path forward by including the best examples globally. 

Conclusion Provide path for better devolution of powers to the local authorities as envisaged under the 73rd and 74th amendment acts. 

  1. What is a currency swap? Examine the reasons for and impacts of the recent dollar swaps announced by the RBI. 

Demand of the introduction: 

RBI has been taking currency swap operations in the market to bring back the liquidity and provide for USD that have been pulled out by the foreign investors due to the fears of coronavirus. Describe what is a currency swap, how is it normally conducted, what are the short term and long term impacts it has on the market, and the way forward to bringing stability in the market. 

Keywords to be included:

Currency swaps, dollar swaps, liquidity crunch, availability of dollars, support to the importers and exporters, service sector, supporting the businesses, banking sector, and the stock market, etc.

Body

  • Define currency swaps and impacts it has on the market 
  • Mention the need for the currency swaps in the current market situation. 
  • Highlight the recent flight of the USD from the market and the role of the swap taken by the RBI. 
  • Mention the issues that can arise and solutions for the same. 

Conclusion Examine the need to strengthen the local economy in a way that it shall not have such a major impact of the global crisis. 

  1. Critically examine the New Education Policy of India, and identify the issues with the current education system of India. Highlight some solutions to improve the quality of education in the nation. 

Demand of the introduction: 

Examine the issues that prevail in the current education model in the country and the challenges associated with them. Thereafter mention how new education policy aims to contests these and improve the quality of education. Finally, talk about the issues that are yet to be resolved. 

Keywords to be included:

Kasturirangan committee, new education policy, issues with education model, employability, quality of education, teachers quality, brain drain, vocational skills, teachers training, research orientation, etc. 

Body

  • Mention the issues that prevail with the current education model. 
  • Discuss the solutions proposed. 
  • Highlight some of the recommendations of some of the key committees. 
  • Examine the suggestions of the NEP. 
  • Talk about the controversies around the new policy like the three languages formula etc. 

Conclusion Mention the need for creating an inclusive policy that will improve the employability of the Indian youth, assure that we do not lag behind the world, and are able to enjoy the demographic dividend. 

  1. Freedom from illness, wealth, produce, happiness and protection (to subjects); these five, are the ornaments of a kingdom. Comment. 

Demand of the introduction: 

Union budget has quoted Bhumi tiruthi Unn and mentioned the importance of the 5 ornaments of the state. Discuss every aspect briefly and suggest the need for a holistic growth model of the country. 

Keywords to be included:

Since there are many dimensions, the list of keywords can grow tremendously. Use at least one or two keywords from each section in your answer. 

Body

  • Mention the need for :
    • Good health
    • Increasing wealth
    • Efficient and effective production. 
    • Increasing happiness. 
    • Protection and security. 
  • Examine the challenges that threaten these aspects. 
  • Mention the future plan for laying a policy that will provide them all. 
  • Mention some of the constitutional provisions that enshrine these principles. 

Conclusion Conclude the answer with a need to ensure development of the country, in tandem with these virtues.

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