answer-synopsis-current-affairs-based-mains-drill-13-march-2020

  1. What is the importance of the Eastern and the Western Ghats in India, and why is it important to protect them? 

Demand of the question:

The question aims to discuss the western ghats in the country and ask for the measures to protect them against various threats that prevail. 

Keywords to be included:

Eastern ghats, western ghats, biodiversity, minor forest produce, Hydrology, climate, plantation crops, tourism, pollution, infrastructure projects, deforestation, land-use change, mining, sustainable development, local stakeholder participation, etc.

Introduction Eastern and western ghats are rich and well known for the biodiversity they sustain. However, they are consistently under several threats. 

Body

  • Highlight the importance of the eastern and western ghats. 
  • Draw a rough map highlighting these ranges. 
  • Mention the threats to these mountains. 
  • Suggest the strategies for risk mitigation. 
  • Conclude with a way forward. 

Conclusion Mention the need for decentralized plans for better management of the eastern and western ghats.  

  1. Sir Creek is the lowest hanging fruit in India-Pakistan relations. Comment. 

Demand of the question:

Define the sir creek issue and suggest how it will pave way for dispute resolution between the two nations. 

Keywords to be included:

Sir creek, lowest hanging fruit, easy to resolve, J&K issue, resuming the talks, boundary dispute, etc. 

Introduction Sir creek is an issue between India and Pakistan which can be resolved very easily by the two countries working in tandem.

Body

  • What is the issue?
  • Why is it called the lowest hanging fruit? 
  • How would it pave way for other boundary dispute resolutions?
  • What are the challenges in resolving this issue right now? 
  • Examine a path forward to improve the situation. 

Conclusion A Pakistani minster has called for reviving the talks with India regarding the resolution. Conclude on that note. 

  1. Examine the process of elections to the Rajya sabha and highlight the lacunae in the same. 

Demand of the question:

Explain the process of election to the Rajya sabha, discuss the challenges in the election process, and the solutions envisaged for the same. 

Keywords to be included:

Rajya sabha, proportional representation, unequal number of seats, a system of whips, NOTA, representation to the northeastern states, etc. 

Introduction Highlight the upcoming elections to introduce the answer. 

Body

  • Mention the current procedure of elections to Rajya sabha
  • Examine what changes have been introduced in the system
  • What are some of the reforms that have been implemented in the Rajya sabha?
  • Provide for a way forward for the same

Conclusion Conclude by mentioning that the Rajya Sabha elections have been reformed, but more reforms are required. 

  1. Anti-defection laws need to be reviewed owing to contemporary realities. Comment. 

Demand of the question:

 Anti-defection laws are to be discussed in a manner that the pros and cons become very clear. Thereafter try taking a stand if the law shall be repealed, or amended. 

Keywords to be included:

Anti defection, 10th schedule, horse-trading, bribe for a vote, changing nature of defection, unstable governments, aaya ram gaya ram, etc. 

Introduction Give factors behind the introduction of the anti-defection law in the country. 

Body

  • Mention the causes leading to the enaction of the anti-defection law. 
  • Highlight the provisions of the anti-defection laws. 
  • Examine the issues associated with these laws. 
  • Mention the need for the reforms in them. 
  • Suggest some reforms to these. 
  • Conclude with a way forward. 

Conclusion Conclusion must be kept optimistic and progressive in nature and not paint a gloomy image of democracy. 

  1. Examine the importance of and challenges with transparency in the judiciary. How can technology assist in achieving this goal?

Demand of the question:

Examine the current status of transparency in the judiciary, the lacuna, the need for bringing more transparency, the scope for integration of technology and a way forward. 

Keywords to be included:

Accountability, transparency, opacity, right to information vs right to privacy, collegium system, administration, corruption, management, suo moto disclosures, LOBIS, digitization of all the records, etc. 

Introduction Indian courts have been often pointed to be lacking in transparency. 

Body

  • Current status of transparency in courts. 
  • Issues like transparency vs independence. 
  • Right to information and the courts. 
  • Suggest solutions to improve transparency in the judiciary in the country. 
  • Highlight the technological solutions to improve this situation. 

Conclusion Judiciary itself stands on the pillars of trust, which can be easily eroded for absence of transparency.

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