AIR SUMMARY 30th March

admin
By admin March 30, 2019 11:20

MISSION SHAKTI AND THE MODEL CODE OF CONDUCT

The Election Commission has stated that the Prime Minister’s speech on the occasion of the launch of the anti-satellite missile has not violated the Model Code of Conduct.

The PM’s speech

  • The PM, in his speech, had spoken about India and the achievements made possible due to the scientists.
  • He also spoke about the importance of shooting down a satellite in Low Earth Orbit which could be a spy satellite. This capability indicates India’s capacity to deal with long-range missiles which could be inter-continental ones as well.
  • The PM also said India had joined the elite club of US, Russia and China which possessed such weapons.
  • The speech did not address elections or votes and hence was found in compliance with the MCC.

Details

  • The PM’s speech was broadcast by a private news agency, ANI, whose feed was then taken by public broadcasters, Doordarshan and AIR.
  • The matter was raised when opposition parties complained that PM had used the speech for election campaigning.

What is MCC?

  • It states that no side should have an undue advantage.
  • The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) is a document from the Election Commission of India that lays down the minimum standards of behaviour for political parties and their candidates contesting elections, by defining their dos and don’ts in the electoral battle.
  • The MCC was first mooted by Kerala in its 1960 assembly elections. It was later adopted by the Election Commission (EC) during mid-term elections in 1968 and 1969.
  • It is not backed by any law; rather it was an understanding that was reached between political parties through the same is binding on them.

Party in Power

  • The MCC has a section called ‘Party in Power’ which specifies that the parties in power should ensure that it does not give a complaint where it has used its official position for election campaign.
  • There is a bar on making new announcements, any policy pronouncements and on laying new foundations or launching projects.

Was the Anti-Sat suddenly decided?

  • There is a scientific timeline decided for each launch which is more or less adhered to.
  • The timeline allows the country to indicate to its friendly nations about the test in advance.
  • The Anti-Sat missile also needed to have a satellite in Low Earth Orbit for destruction already. This satellite was launched by India in 2018.
  • The technological glitches and requirements are known only to the scientific community who decides the time as it cannot be dictated by the government.

VVPATs and EVM

  • The EC had recently submitted to the SC that the use of VVPATs in at least 50% of the EVS used for Lok Sabha polls shall enlarge the time required for counting to about six days.
  • The EC contends that it has been proven beyond doubt that the Electronic Voting Machines are hack proof.
  • The EC has advocated for random checking of the EVMs.
  • In international countries, there is a networked system of EVMs where the polls are automatically recorded in a central server after voting gets completed.
  • In India, there is no networked system and the EVMs are not connected to the Internet which in turn prevents hacking. The EVMs are taken to the counting centres after voting and votes are taken from each machine.
  • If VVPATs are used the election results will be further delayed which will annoy the voters who already complain of lengthy election periods.
  • Awareness among voters and the prevention of luring voters through the provision of money and value-added items can keep up the spirit of elections in a democracy.

Real Also:- Daily PIB Summary Real Also:- Daily RSTV Summary Real Also:- Daily The Hindu

admin
By admin March 30, 2019 11:20