Savitribai Phule, the social reformer who is considered to be one of India’s first modern feminists, was born on January 3, 1831. Phule was the first female teacher in the country. The couple runs the first indigenous school for girls in Pune at Bhide Wada. She put up a no of 18 schools. She functioned in various social activities like the emancipation and education of women, the eradication of gender bias and untouchability.

About Savitribai Phule

Phule was born in Naigaon, Maharashtra in 1831 and married activist and social reformer Jyotirao Phule when she was nine years old.

Achievements of Savitribai Phule In various fields 

  • Role as a social reformer 

  • She founded India’s first school for girls called Bhide Wada in Pune in 1948.
  • During that time the idea of teaching girls was considered to be radical.
  •  These nationalists including Tilak opposed the setting up of schools for girls and non-Brahmins citing loss of nationality
  • Education was one of the central planks through which women and depressed classes could become empowered and hope to stand on an equal footing with the rest of the society.
  • The Savitribai Phule started the Satyashodhak Samaj (Society for Truth-Seeking), through which they wanted to initiate the practice of Satyashodhak marriage, in which no dowry was taken.

Literary contributions

  • savitribai is one of the first published women in modern India.
  • She developed a voice and agency of her own, at a time when women were suppressed and lived a “sub-human existence”.
  • Savithribai works were written in Marathi.
  • She advocated values such as humanism, liberty, equality, brotherhood, rationalism and the importance of education among others through her works.
  • Her books of poems “Kavya Phule” and “Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar” were published in 1934 and 1982.


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