Accident Black Spots on Highways

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By admin September 9, 2019 17:54

Accident Black Spots on Highways

Black Spots

In news                                                                                                           

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued new guidelines to State governments for identifying accident black spots on national highways and rectifying them and has urged them to give “special attention in a strictly time-bound manner” to the issue.
  • The guidelines detail the process for inspecting the spots, framing a proposal and obtaining sanctions for rectifying them and suggest a timeline for submitting an inspection report and completing the civil works.

Black Spot

  • An accident blackspot or black spot is a place where road traffic accidents have historically been concentrated.
  • Various reasons – It may have occurred for a variety of reasons, such as a sharp drop or corner in a straight road, so oncoming traffic is concealed, a hidden junction on a fast road, poor or concealed warning signs at a cross-road.
  • Alternatively, a black spot is defined as a stretch of not more than 500 meters in length where five accidents have taken place or where 10 fatalities have happened in the last three years.

Statistics

                                                                                                                            Number of road accidents/ lakh population

                                                                                                       Note: Maps do not include data on Telangana (Image:www.prsindia.org)

  • Black spots account for 90% of road accidents in the country.
  • More people die due to road accidents compared to terrorist-related killings or due to diseases.
  • Five lakh road accidents occur in a year, in which 1.5 lakh people die and another 3 lakh are crippled for life.
  • Road accidents cause an annual loss of Rs. 55,000-60,000 crore, or 3% of the GDP, to the country.
  • Southern states fare worst -The three states – Tamil Nadu (100), Karnataka (86), Telangana (71) account for more than one-third of total black spots in the country.
  • No reporting -7 states and 6 union territories did not report any black spots.

Some Measure taken by Government to handle Black Spots are

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has taken a number of steps to prevent road accidents and road accident fatalities.

These include

  • High priority – accorded to identification and rectification of black spots (accident-prone spots) on national highways.
  • Guidelines – for identification and rectification of black spots, carrying out road safety audits and preparation of road safety improvement proposals on NHs and also guidelines on the implementation of road safety engineering measures on state roads under Central Road Fund (CRF) have been issued.
  • 789 black spots based on fatalities in 2011,2012,2013 and 2014 calendars years have been identified. So far 189 spots have already been rectified.
  • Ministry of Road Transport & Highways had taken a decision to sanction road safety works on state roads with an earmarked allocation of 10% of funds allocated to the state roads under the Central Road Fund.
  • Delegation of powers – Ministry has delegated powers to Regional Officers of MORTH for technical approval to the detailed estimates for rectification of identified Road Accident black spots for expediting the rectification process to ensure the safety of road users.
  • Road Safety Audits – Ministry had issued guidelines for taking up of Road Safety Audits on National Highways either as part of EPC/BOT projects or as stand-alone Road Safety Audits.
  • National Road Safety Policy – The Government has approved a National Road Safety Policy. This Policy outlines various policy measures such as promoting awareness, establishing road safety information data base, encouraging safer road infrastructure including the application of intelligent transport, enforcement of safety laws, etc.
  • National Road Safety Council – The Government has constituted the National Road Safety Council as the apex body to take policy decisions in matters of road safety.
  • Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill 2017 – Based on the recommendation of the Group of Ministers, the Ministry introduced MVA Bill 2017 covering the entire gamut of road safety.
  • 4 ‘E’s – The Ministry has formulated a multi-pronged strategy to address the issue of road safety based on. 4 ‘E’s viz. Education, Engineering (both of roads and vehicles), Enforcement and Emergency

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admin
By admin September 9, 2019 17:54