Mental Health Disorders The statistical report published by the World Health Organization (WHO) recently, declared India as the most depressed country in the world along with a sharp rise in the cases of suicide, anxiety, addictions and many other psychological disorders. The magnitude of mental disorders in India
Problems associated with the mental health disorder in India:
- Recent data suggest that mental health disorders are on the rise among 13-17-year-olds, with one out of five children in schools suffering from depression.
- According to the National Mental Health Survey of 2016, the prevalence of mental disorders was 7.3% among 13-17-year-olds.
- According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990-2016, in India, the suicide death rate among 15-29-year-olds was highest in Karnataka (30.7), Tripura (30.3), Tamil Nadu (29.8), and Andhra Pradesh (25.0).
- Women: the highest age-specific suicide death rate among women in 2016 were for ages 15-29 years and 75 years or older.
- Half of all mental health disorders in adulthood starts by 14 years of age, with many cases being undetected.
- Those who suffer from depression and anxiety in adulthood may often begin experiencing this from childhood and it may peak during adolescence and their early 20s.
- Lack of access to mental health
- Lack of qualified clinical psychologist and psychiatry professional.
- In 2019, India’s health budget is 0.34 % of the GDP.
Insurance cover or they do not know that disorder is covered under insurance cover.
- The increased cost of treatment is proving deterrent as 80 % of people do not have
Measure to be taken through various measures.
- There is a stigma associated with mental health disorder discourages people to approach help.
- Identification and diagnosis of mental health disorders, even as many can identify feeling sad and distressed, only about 8% can label it as depression.
The mental health bill 2017 stated that every person has the “right to mental healthcare and treatment”. But Persons with mental illnesses can feel a disconnect between ground realities and government policies. Also read: Affordable healthcare in India Right to Health: Four Pillars of Healthcare
- Public policy
- Disseminating mental health awareness backed by progressive government policies, based on evidence-based approaches.
- Interventions conducted with 10,000 adolescents across 10 European countries, with a key success around the ‘Youth Behaviour and Mental Health’ segment. This resulted in adolescents with mental health challenges receiving psychological support via 45-minute sessions, which ensured a reduction in suicidal ideas and behavior.
- Parents and peers:
- Parents and peers can play an important role by being understanding and communicative.
- Parents and school administrations should sensitize themselves about what constitutes ‘warning signs’ like erratic sleep patterns and mood swings
- Peer support systems and trained counselors can encourage dialogue around seeking support and better coping mechanisms.
- Limited use to technology:
- There is evidence that technology can create loneliness, isolation and unrealistic expectations for adolescents.
- Limiting screen time and engaging in social activities may help them improve their movement.
- Spiritual approach
- In addition to yoga, pranayama the spiritual approach can bring from within Self-awareness and cam help them in experiencing a radical transformation within.