abbas-says-israels-annexation-plan-has-derailed

Context: Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said  the Palestinian Authority will no longer be committed to any signed agreements with Israel or the United States, following Israel's pledge to annex large parts of the occupied West Bank.

More on news: 

  • The Palestinian Liberation Organization and the State of Palestine are no longer committed to all signed agreements and understandings with the Israeli government and the American government, including the security commitments
  • It's unclear to what extent the Palestinian leadership will follow through on the latest announcement.

Background:

  • Israeli Prime Minister has vowed to annex the Jordan Valley and Jewish settlements in the West Bank in line with President Donald Trump's Middle East plan, which overwhelmingly favours Israel and was rejected by the Palestinians.
  • The coalition agreement allows Netanyahu to present an annexation proposal to the government as soon as July 1.
  • Most of the international community is opposed to annexation, which many fear would make it impossible to create a viable Palestinian state.
  • The two-state solution is still widely seen as the only way of resolving the decades-long conflict.
    • The “two-state solution” would create an independent Israel and Palestine, and is the mainstream approach to resolving the conflict. 
    • The idea is that Israelis and Palestinians want to run their countries differently; Israelis want a Jewish state, and Palestinians want a Palestinian one. 
    • Because neither side can get what it wants in a joined state, the only possible solution that satisfies everyone involves separating Palestinians and Israelis.

Oslo accord

  • Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.
  • Oslo I (1993) is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP). 
  • The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.
  • Under the Oslo Accords of the 1993, both Israel and the Palestinians agreed that the status of settlements would be decided by negotiations. But the negotiations process has been all but dead for several years now.
  • Oslo II is officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza (1995), expanded on Oslo I.
     
    • It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.
    • Additionally, the pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.
    • The interim pact was only supposed to last five years while a permanent agreement was finalised but it has tacitly been rolled over for more than two decades.

Source:the hindu

Image Source: AIJAC