88 Manual Scavenging Deaths In 3 Years

By moderator July 10, 2019 14:18

The number of deaths of sanitation workers while cleaning septic tanks and sewers has risen, despite a ban on manual scavenging deaths, with 620 cases reported since 1993, of which 88 occurred in the past three years, according to the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry.

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  • In a reply on Manual scavenging Social Justice and Empowerment Minister of State Ramdas Athawale told the Lok Sabha that compensation had been given in 445 cases, partial settlement in 58 cases, while 117 cases were pending.
    • Of the 88 cases reported in 2017, 2018 and 2019, till June 14, compensation was pending in 52 cases.
  • Of the 15 States and Union Territories that submitted details to the Ministry, Tamil Nadu had the highest number of sewer deaths with 144 cases, followed by Gujarat with 131. 
  • In another reply, the minister told the Lok Sabha that 53,598 manual scavengers had been identified from December 6, 2013, till June 30, 2019.
    • While the Act says no one can employ a person for manual scavenging and lays down punishments for those who do, the minister said: “there have been no reports from any state/Union Territory regarding conviction in such cases”.

On Mandatory reporting by state

  • The MPs had questioned the government over whether it planned on amending the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 in order to make it mandatory for States to report such cases.
    • In response, the Minister said the Act had laid down a mechanism of monitoring its implementation through vigilance committees and monitoring committees at different levels, so there was “no proposal” to amend it as of now.
      • A Supreme Court order from March 27, 2014, makes it mandatory for the government to identify all those who died in sewerage work since 1993 and provide ₹10 lakh each as compensation to their families.

Also read: India Slips 5 Places To 141 On Global Peace Index 2019

Global Gender Gap Report 2018 & Women Employment in India

By moderator July 10, 2019 14:18