Context: The Culture Minister congratulated the nation on the proud occasion of 77th anniversary of formation of Azad Hind Government.
Proclamation of the Provisional Government of Free India
- On October 21, 1943, Subhash Chandra Bose announced the formation of the Provisional Government of Free India (PGFI) or, in short, Azad Hind Government, an Indian government-in-exile.
- It started functioning from Singapore with 11 ministers and eight representatives from the INA.
- The government of Azad Hind soon had its own currency, court, civil code and national anthem ‘Subh Sukh Chain’.
- The INA had its motto, ‘Ittehad, Itmad aur Qurbani’ (unity, faith and sacrifice) and its national greeting ‘Jai Hind’.
- The PGFI was recognised by nine Axis-aligned countries: Japan, Germany, Italy, Croatia, Burma, Thailand, Philippines, Manchukuo (Manchuria), and the Republic of China (Wang Jingwei regime). It received a note of congratulations from the Prime Minister of Ireland, Eamon de Valera.
- In an arrangement with the Japanese government in November, partial governance of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were taken over by the PGFI. On November 13, Bose renamed the islands as ‘Shahid and Swaraj Dwip’.
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