5th-anniversary-of-urban-missions

Context: A webinar to mark the 5th Anniversary of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana(Urban) (PMAY-U), Smart Cities Mission (SCM) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was organized by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Progress and Advancement under the Missions:

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT):

  • It was launched in June 2015 and aims at ensuring universal coverage of drinking water supply and substantial improvement in coverage and treatment capacities of sewerage and septage.
  • It also aims to improve non-motorized urban transport and green spaces in the city.
  • It spans across 500 cities, covering more than 60% of the urban population.
  • As per state annual plans - Projects worth  75,829 crores have been grounded out of 77,640 crores that were approved.
  • 79 lakh household water tap connections and 45 lakh sewer connections have been provided, including in slums and low-income habitations.
  • In order to promote energy efficiency across the Indian cities, 76 lakh streetlights replaced with energy-efficient LED streetlights.
  • Online Building Permission System (OBPS), implemented as a digital transformation-based reform in 444 AMRUT Cities helped improve India’s rank to 27 in WB’s Ease of Doing Business 2020 rankings under the Construction permit category.
  • Credit rating exercise was undertaken in 469 of the 500 Mission cities, out of which 163 cities have been found as Investible Grade. 
  • So far 53,000 functionaries have been trained under the Mission, against a target of 45,000 functionaries. 

Smart Cities Mission (SCM)

  • It was launched in June 2015 with the objective of promoting cities that provide -
    • core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, 
    • a clean and sustainable environment and 
    • application of ‘Smart’ solutions
  • As on date, the value of tendered smart city projects is over Rs. 1,66,000crores, while value work in progress projects is around Rs. 1,25,000 crores and 27000 crores worth of projects have been completed.
  • 180% growth in completed projects is witnessed in the last one year.
  • The Integrated Command and Control Centres (ICCC): The 47 operational ICCCs became war-rooms and have played an effective role in COVID response.
  • Climate Smart Cities and Data Smart Cities are two important programs under the Smart Cities Mission. 
    • They are key enablers, driving the future course of action through data-driven performance management, urban innovation and institutional capacity building.
  • Top 20 cities have been paired as ‘Sister cities’ with 20 cities that were behind in ranking wherein cities are helping each other to learn and perform.
  • The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP)’ is designed for all ULBs and Smart City SPVs to engage fresh graduates as interns. 
  • Smart Cities Mission is supporting cities in raising finance through Municipal Bonds.
    • Recently, six cities were selected for technical assistance from the US Treasury Department to raise municipal bonds.
    • These are debt securities issued by local governments. 
    • These can be thought of as loans that investors make to local governments, and are used to fund public works such as parks, libraries, bridges & roads, and other infrastructure

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U):

  • The scheme was launched in 2015 with the objective of providing pucca house to all eligible beneficiaries of Urban India by 2022.
  • The vision of ‘Housing for All’ made the ministry validate a demand of about 1.12 Cr houses under PMAY (U).  
  • Approvals for 1.05 Cr houses have already been sanctioned, out of which 65 lakhs are grounded and 35 lakhs have been built and delivered.
  • National Urban Housing Fund has been created to mobilize Rs.60,000 Cr through extra Budgetary Resources over and above the budgetary allocation for the Mission, for ensuring a regular flow of funds.
  • Through the Credit Link Subsidy Scheme (CLSS), for the first time, the Middle Income Group (MIG) is being provided benefits for their housing needs. 
    • More than 10 lakh beneficiaries belonging to Economically Weaker Sections (EWS), Lower Income Group (LIG) and MIG have so far been brought under the fold of CLSS.
  • In 2019 only, MoHUA launched Angikaar- a campaign for change management in more than 4000 cities which addressed and enabled beneficiaries to adapt to life transformation that comes with shifting to a newly constructed house.   
  • Construction activity under the scheme has had a huge impact on the other sectors of the economy with a multiplier effect in employment generation. 
    • Around 370 lakh metric tonne cement and 84 Lakh metric tonne steel has been consumed due to the investment being made in the houses grounded.
  • Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) scheme for providing ease of living to Urban Migrants/ Poor has been announced under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. 
    • Under this development, government-funded housing in urban areas/cities will be converted into Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) so that it could be rented out to migrants on concessional rates.

Source:

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1634268

Image Source: Indiapost