25-questions-directly-in-mains-2020-from-jvs-mains-guidance-program-2020-2021

Due to repeated requests of students, JV IAS Academy came up with its Mains Guidance Program this year. The Mains Guidance Program ( MGP ) is a mentor guided, test series based preparation Program for Civil Services Mains Preparation. We are pleased to inform you that about 25 questions came directly from our Test Series in this year CSE Mains 2020. Here are the questions that came in UPSC CSE Mains 2020 and the related questions from our Mains Guidance Program.

Related GS Paper

UPSC CSE Mains 2020 Questions

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JV's MGP 2021 Test questions

General Studies Paper-1

COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Comment. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Pandemics and its impact

MGP Test-2, Q-12

The impact of Covid-19 has once again brought the issue of urban poor to the forefront. Identify the challenges faced by the urban poor in the time of pandemic. Suggest some way forward along with key government initiatives. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

Persian literary sources of medieval India reflect the spirit of the age. Comment. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Medieval History

MGP Test-3 Q-2

One of the major achievements of medieval Indian literature was devotional poetry which found its place in all major languages of the country. Elucidate (10 marks, 150 words)

 

The interlinking of rivers can provide viable solutions to the multi-dimensional inter-related problems of droughts, floods and interrupted navigation. Critically examine. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Geography

MGP Test-5 Q-20

Recently the floods occurred in Assam and Bihar caused a widespread loss to life and property. What are the flood prone regions of our country? What are the guidelines of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in mitigation of floods? Elaborate. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

Account for the huge flooding of million cities in India including the smart ones like Hyderabad and Pune. Suggest lasting remedial measures. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Geography

MGP Test-5 Q-5

As per the recent report of Niti Aayog, 21 cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020. Analyse the possibility of water harvesting system as a solution to depleting ground water resources and how we can make it useful in urban areas. (10 marks, 150 words)

 

Examine the status of forest resources of India and its resultant impact on climate change. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Geography

MGP Test-5 Q-14

Conservation of forest wildlife is a widely debatable topic since the post-independence. In this context examine the efficacy of people's participation in forest conservation. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

How will the melting of Himalayan glaciers have a far-reaching impact on the water resources of India? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Geography

MGP Test-6 Q-18

“India’s contribution to global climate change stands out to be very small yet it is one of

the major countries affected by climate change.” In context of above statement, what are the

major Initiatives by the government of India in combating climate change? (15 marks, 250

words)

 

Account for the present location of iron and steel industries away from the source of raw material, by giving examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Economic Geography

MGP Test-6 Q-5

Discuss about the major Iron ore producing regions of the world. Also identify the

possible factors that influence the location of Iron and Steel Industries across the globe. (10

marks, 150 words)

 

India has immense potential of solar energy though there are regional variations in its developments. Elaborate (Answer in 250 words) 15

Economic Geography

MGP Test-6 Q-14

Define energy security along with its dimensions. With respect to India's present

energy consumption pattern, how do you think the government should develop an efficient

energy mix to ensure a sustainable energy supply to the citizens? Mention the prominent

steps taken by the government in this regard. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Geography

MGP Test-2 Q-6+5

Analyse how artificial intelligence can improve the effectiveness of e-Governance in India. (10 marks, 150 words)

It has often been argued that the digital divide is the major bottleneck in the e-Governance initiative of the government. Discuss how these issues can be addressed. (10 marks, 150 words)

General Studies Paper-2

“There is a need for simplification of Procedure for disqualification of persons found guilty of corrupt practices under the Representation of Peoples Act”. Comment (Answer in 150 words)

Polity

MGP Test-1 Q-20

What are the grounds mentioned in RPA,1951 for disqualification of candidates and sitting representatives? Do these grounds have been diluted in the favour of elected representatives? Critically examine. (250 words, 15 marks)

 

 

“Recent amendments to the Right to Information Act will have profound impact on the autonomy and independence of the Information Commission”. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words)

Polity

MGP Test-2 Q-4

With regard to the recent amendments to RTI Act 2005, do you think that the recent changes will weaken the act and undermine the authority of Information Commissioners? (10 marks, 150 words)

 

‘Once a Speaker, Always a speaker’! Do you think this practice should be adopted to impart objectivity to the office of the Speaker of Lok Sabha? What could be its implication for the robust functioning of parliamentary business in India? (Answer in 150 words)

Polity

MGP Test-1 Q-16

Recently the Supreme Court has criticized the office of Speaker on the grounds of neutrality. What is doctrine of neutrality? Define its significance in case of Constitutional office mentioned in the Constitution of India. (250 words, 15 marks)

 

 

In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate health care policies are needed in the fields of geriatric and maternal health care. Discuss (Answer in 150 words)

Polity

MGP Test-2 Q-13

The current pandemic has highlighted the major gaps in India’s healthcare sector. According to you, what are the major issues in the healthcare system of India? Suggest some short term as well as long term measures in addressing those issues. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

“Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance”. In this context, suggest reforms in Civil Service for Strengthening Democracy. (Answer in 150 words)

Polity

MGP Test-2 Q-8

A major shift in the nature of Civil Servants is required to cope up with the emerging challenges in the society. Analyse. (10 marks, 150 words)

 

“The emergence of Fourth Industrial Revolution (Digital Revolution) has initiated e-Governance as an integral part of the government”. Discuss (Answer in 150 words)

Polity

MGP Test-1,2 Q-8(1),5(2)

What do you understand by InDEA framework? How it is going to aid in the vision of maximum governance and minimum government of the Central government. (150 words, 10 marks)

Analyse how artificial intelligence can improve the effectiveness of e-Governance in India. (10 marks, 150 words)

 

Indian Constitution exhibits centralizing tendencies to maintain unity and integrity of the nation. Elucidate in the perspective of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897; The Disaster Management Act, 2005 and recently passed Farm Acts. (Answer in 250 words)

Polity

MGP Test-1 Q-14

What are the features of Constitution that shifts the power balance in favors of Union government and how states are raising their demand in quest for greater autonomy? (250 words, 15 marks)

 

 

Judicial legislation is antithetical to the doctrine of separation of powers as envisaged in the Indian Constitution. In this context justify the filing of large number of public interest petitions praying for issuing guidelines to executive authorities. (Answer in 250 words)

Polity

MGP Test-1 Q-15

What is Judicial activism? Do you think that it can lead to conflict between the judiciary and executive? Give reasons in favors or against your argument. (250 words 15 marks)

 

The strength and sustenance of local institutions in India has shifted from their formative phase of ‘functions, functionaries and funds’ to the contemporary stage of’ functionality’. Highlight the critical challenges faced by local institutions in terms of their functionality in recent times. (Answer in 250 words)

Polity

MGP Test-2 Q-14

With reference to Panchayati raj institutions, analyze how Panchayati raj institutions can play a game changing role during a pandemic. Also suggest some measures to strengthen the Panchayati raj institutions. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

National Education Policy 2020 is in conformity with the Sustainable Development Goals-4 (2030). It intended to restructure and re-orient the education system in India. Critically examine the statement. (Answer in 250 words)

Education

MGP Test-2 Q-16

The Union Cabinet recently cleared the New Education Policy 2020. According to you, what can be the possible issues and challenges that NEP2020 is going to face? Suggest some measures for successful implementation of NEP2020. (15 marks, 250 words)

General Studies paper-3

What are the salient features of the Jal Shakti Abhiyan launched by the Government of India for water conservation and water security? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Water Conservation

MGP Test-5 Q-5

As per the recent report of Niti Aayog, 21 cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020. Analyse the possibility of water harvesting system as a solution to depleting ground water resources and how we can make it useful in urban areas. (10 marks, 150 words)

 

Suggest measures to improve water storage and irrigation system to make its judicious use under depleting scenario. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Water Conservation

MGP Test-5 Q-5

As per the recent report of Niti Aayog, 21 cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020. Analyse the possibility of water harvesting system as a solution to depleting ground water resources and how we can make it useful in urban areas. (10 marks, 150 words)

 

Discuss the recent measures initiated in disaster management by the Government of India departing from the earlier reactive approach. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Disaster management

MGP Test-5 Q-10

"Post disaster phase is the key element in any Disaster management cycle". Explain. (10 marks, 150 words)

 

What are the challenges and opportunities of food processing sector in the country? How can the income of the farmers be substantially increased by encouraging food processing? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Agriculture

MGP Test-6 Q-12
The Union government has envisaged to double the farmer’s income by 2020. The Food processing industry is termed as the “sunshine sector” in transforming India’s food economy. In light of this, discuss the potential and challenges of food processing sector in India. Also mention the major government initiatives for promotion of the sector. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

How does the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification, 2020 differ from the existing EIA Notification, 2006? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Environment

MGP Test-6 Q-17

What do you understand by the term Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)? While

taking into consideration the different processes involved, evaluate the intent behind the EIA

Assessment. Also discuss the current status of EIA in India. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

Describe the benefits of deriving electric energy from sunlight in contrast to the conventional energy generation. What are the initiatives offered by our Government for this purpose? (Answer in 250 words) 15

Energy

MGP Test-6 Q-14

Define energy security along with its dimensions. With respect to India's present

energy consumption pattern, how do you think the government should develop an efficient

Energy mix to ensure a sustainable energy supply to the citizens? Mention the prominent

Steps taken by the government in this regard. (15 marks, 250 words)

 

We at JV IAS Academy have a team of specialists that are always constantly working to come up with new initiatives to aid your preparation. We are glad that we have been able to do justice in that regard.You are our pillars of strength and your faith in us is what keeps us going. We hope that after this you can follow JV’s with a sense of confidence. Please provide your feedback so that we can work on improving ourselves.Thank you.

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