13th-urban-mobility-india-conference-2020

Context: The 13th Urban Mobility India (UMI) Conference is being organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.   

More on the news:

  • The main theme of this year’s event is “Emerging Trends in Urban Mobility” .
  • It is focused on innovative measures taken at national and international level to address the challenges posed by Covid-19 pandemic to provide accessible and convenient transport to the people.  

Background:

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India has issued the National Urban Transport Policy, 2006 (NUTP). 
  • The objective of the policy is to ensure safe, affordable, quick, comfortable, reliable and sustainable access for the growing number of city residents to jobs, education, recreation and such other needs within our cities.
  • This is sought to be achieved by: 
    • Incorporating urban transportation as an important parameter at the urban planning stage rather than being a consequential requirement; 
    • Encouraging integrated land use and transport planning in all cities so that travel distances are minimized
    • Access to livelihoods, education especially for the marginal segments of the urban population is improved; 
    • Improving access of business to markets and the various factors of production; 
    • Bringing about a more equitable allocation of road space with people, rather than vehicles, as its main focus.  
  • Under the policy, the Ministry organizes an annual international Conference-cum-Exhibition on Urban Mobility India popularly known as UMI. 
  • The primary objective of the conference is to disseminate information to the cities’ officials, about the latest and best urban transport practices globally. 

Significance:

  • Urbanization in India has catapulted India as one of the fastest growing major economies in the world. 
  • The transport sector is an important component of the urban economy. 
  • Shift towards vehicle sharing: With rapidly increasing mobility, needs and availability of technology, there is an expected shift from vehicle ownership to vehicle sharing and public transport. There is higher emphasis on multimodal seamless connectivity and clean mobility. 
  • These emerging trends are bringing a paradigm shift in the expectations of the commuters and our cities need to adapt to the rapidly changing mobility needs.

Image source: http://www.urbanmobilityindia.in/Index.aspx